极速飞艇

(一)生态学发展简史Brief History of Ecology

1920’s

SHAMENDAXUEYOUGUANSHENGTAIXUEKEDEYANJIU,KEYIZHUISUZHI1922NIANXIAOZHUCHENJIAGENGXIANSHENGQINZISHELIDEDONGWUXUEHEZHIWUXUELIANGKE。KEXICHUJIANSHI,DONGWUXUEJIAS.F.Light、BINGZHIHEZHIWUXUEJIAZHONGXINXUAN、QIANCHONGSHUXIANSHENGDENGDEDAOLAI,WEIDONGWUXUE、ZHIWUXUEJISHENGTAIXUEDEFAZHANDIANDINGLEJICHU。

1922NIAN,ZHONGXINXUANJIAOSHOUJIANGSHOUZHIWUXUEJICHUKEJIZHUANYEKE,KAIZHANBIAOBENCAIJI、JISUFEITING、DINGZHENGXUEMINGDENGGONGZUO;DANGSHISHADAZHIWUBIAOBENGUANZANGZHIFENGFUJUWOGUOZHUXIAOQIANLIE。

极速飞艇1924NIAN,BINGZHIJIAOSHOU(HOURENZHONGGUOKEXUEYUANDONGWUXUEYANJIUSUOSUOZHANG)LAIXIAORENJIAOHOU,DONGWUXUEXIJIAOXUEKEYANQUDEXIANZHUJINZHAN,YOUQIZAISHAMENDAOFUJINHAIYANGDONGWUDECAIJI、FENLEIYUSHENGTAIYANJIU、KUNCHONGDIAOCHA、ZHONGGUOBAIYIZHONGLEIYANJIUDENGFANGMIAN。DONGWUXUEXISHEDONGWUBIAOBENGUAN,ZHIZUOBIAOBENBINGDUIGUONEIWAIGONGYING,SHAMENWENCHANGYUBIAOBENBIANGONGHAINEIWAIGEXUEFU。


1930’s

JINDEXIANGJIAOSHOUHUIMUXIAOZHIJIAO,LVXIANZAIWOGUOKAIZHANHAIYANGGUIZAODEWEN、GUANG、YANSHIYANSHENGTAIYANJIU。


1940’s

ZHENGZHONGJIAOSHOUKAIZHANHAIYANGFUYOUSHENGWUSHENGTAI、HAIYANGWUSUNSHENGWUSHENGTAI、HAIYANGYULEISHIWULIANYANJIU。


1950’s

HEJINGJIAOSHOUDAOXIAOGONGZUO,KAICHUANGFUJIANSHENGZHIWUFENLEI、ZHIWUSHENGTAIYANJIUDEXINSHIQI。CENGDINGJIAOSHOUFABIAOMANJIANGHONGZHIWUFANZHIYUGUDANNENGLIDESHENGTAIXUEYANJIUCHENGGUO,HUANGHOUZHEJIAOSHOUYINGYONGTONGWEISUSHIZONGFAYANJIUSHENGTAIXITONGZHONGDEFANGSHEXINGWUZHIZHUANYIGUILV。CHOUJIANYAREDAIZHIWUYANJIUSUO,HEJINGJIAOSHOUJIANRENSUOZHANG。

极速飞艇1959NIAN,HEJINGJIAOSHOUBIANXIECHUBAN《ZHIWUSHENGTAIXUE》,CHENGWEIDANGSHIGAOXIAODETONGYONGJIAOCAI。


1970’s

1971NIAN,TANGZHONGZHANGJIAOSHOUDAOXIAOGONGZUO,DAILINGJISHENGCHONGDONGWUXUEYANJIUBINGFAZHANCHENGWEIYOUSHITESEXUEKE。


1980’s

1980NIAN,LINPENGJIAOSHOUFAQICHENGLIFUJIANSHENGSHENGTAIXUEHUI。

极速飞艇LINPENGJIAOSHOUDAILINGYANJIUTUANDUIZAIFUJIANJIULONGJIANG、HAINANDAODONGZHAIGANG、GUANGXIYINGLUOWANQUANMIANKAIZHANHONGSHULINSHENGTAIXITONGDEZHANGQIYANJIU,SHAMENDAXUEYINCICHENGWEIQUANGUOHONGSHULINSHENGTAIYANJIUDEZHONGXIN。

极速飞艇1986NIAN,LINPENGJIAOSHOUCHUBAN《ZHIWUQUNLUOXUE》,CHENGWEIDANGSHIZAIZHIWUSHENGTAIXUEFANGMIANXUDUOKEYANYUANXIAOXUESHENGSUOBIDUDECANKAOSHU。

1980NIAN,ZAIZHIWUXUE、DONGWUXUEZHUANYEZHAOSHOUSHENGTAIXUEFANGXIANGSHUOSHIHEBOSHIYANJIUSHENG。

1987NIAN,DONGWUXUEHUODESHOUPIGUOJIAJIZHONGDIANXUEKE(HANSHENGTAIXUE)。


1990’s

1991NIAN,SHELISHENGWUXUE(HANSHENGTAIXUE)BOSHIHOULIUDONGZHAN。

1993NIAN,SHENGWUXUE(HANSHENGTAIXUE)HUOPIGUOJIALIKEJICHUKEXUEYANJIUYUJIAOXUESHENGWUXUERENCAIPEIYANGJIDI。


21SHIJIYILAI

2001NIANKAISHI,LINPENGJIAOSHOULINGDAODEKEYANTUANDUIXIANHOUDAOGEBAOHUDIJINXINGSHENGWUDUOYANGXINGKAOCHA,BANGZHUZHANGJIANGKOU、LIANGYESHAN、DAIYUNSHAN、MINJIANGYUAN、HUANGCHULIN、JUNZIFENGDENGBAOHUQUXIANHOUJINSHENGWEIGUOJIAJIZIRANBAOHUQU。2001NIAN11YUE,LINPENGJIAOSHOUDANGXUANWEIZHONGGUOGONGCHENGYUANYUANSHI。

极速飞艇2002NIAN,ZHAOSHOUSHENGTAIXUEZHUANYEBENKESHENGYUSHUOSHIYANJIUSHENG。TONGNIAN,HUOPIGUOJIASHENGMINGKEXUEYUJISHURENCAISHENGWUXUEPEIYANGJIDI(HANSHENGTAIXUE),BINGCHENGLISHAMENDAXUESHIDIYUSHENGTAIGONGCHENGYANJIUZHONGXIN。

2004NIAN,SHENGTAIXUEHUOPIFUJIANSHENGZHONGDIANXUEKE。

2006NIAN,HUOPIFUJIANSHENGGAOXIAOYAREDAISHIDISHENGTAIXUEZHONGDIANSHIYANSHI。

2007NIAN12YUE,HUOPISHUISHENGSHENGWUXUEGUOJIAJIZHONGDIANXUEKE(HANSHENGTAIXUE)。

2007NIANDI,BINHAISHIDISHENGTAIXITONGJIAOYUBUZHONGDIANSHIYANSHI(SHAMENDAXUE)(Key Laboratory of the Coastal and Wetland Ecosystems(Xiamen University),Ministry of Education)HUODEPIZHUNJIANSHE,2008NIAN7YUE,TONGGUOJIANSHELUNZHENG。2011NIAN11YUE,TONGGUOJIAOYUBUYANSHOUZHENGSHIYUNXING。

2010NIAN8YUE,HUOPIFUJIANSHENGBINHAISHIDIBAOHUYUSHENGTAIHUIFUGONGCHENGJISHUYANJIUZHONGXIN(Engineering Research Center of Fujian Province for Coastal Wetland Protection and Ecological Restoration)。2013NIAN11YUE,TONGGUOFUJIANSHENGKEJITINGYANSHOU。

2010NIAN9YUE,LIERUGUOJIASHENGWUXUEBAJIANRENCAIPEIYANGSHIYANJIHUA(HANSHENGTAIXUE)。

极速飞艇2011NIAN3YUE,HUANJINGYUSHENGTAIXUEYUANCHENGLI。8YUE,HUOPISHENGTAIXUEYIJIXUEKEBOSHIDIAN。

极速飞艇2012NIAN9YUE,SHENGTAIXUEBOSHIHOULIUDONGZHANHUOPI。

极速飞艇2012NIAN,GENJUJIAOYUBUDISANLUNXUEKEPINGGUJIEGUO,JISUFEITINGSHENGTAIXUEKEMINGLIEQUANGUODISHI。

2012NIAN,GENJU“ Web of Science ”ZUIXINESI(Essential Science Indicator)TONGJI,JISUFEITINGHUANJINGYUSHENGTAIXUEKEJINRUGAIXUEKELINGYUQUANQIUYANJIUJIGOUGUOJISHANGPAIMINGQIAN1%。

2013NIAN,SHAMENDAXUEJIANGHUANJINGYUSHENGTAIXUEKELIERUXUEXIAO“985GONGCHENG”ZHONGDIANXUEKE。


(二)环境科学发展简史Brief History of Environmental Science

极速飞艇1982NIAN,SHAMENDAXUEHUANJINGKEXUEYANJIUSUOCHENGLI,WUYUDUAN、YANGSUNKAIHELINPENGSANWEIJIAOSHOURENFUSUOZHANG,SHIDANGSHIQUANGUOJINYOUDEJIJIAHUANJINGKEXUEZHUANMENYANJIUJIGOUZHIYI,WEISHAMENDAXUEHUANJINGXUEKEDEJIANLIDIANDINGLEJICHU。

1984NIAN,HUANKESUOKAIZHANHUANJINGYINGXIANGPINGJIAGONGZUO,1986NIANHUODEDIYIPI“HUANJINGYINGXIANGPINGJIAYIJIZHENGSHU”。1994NIAN,HUANJINGYINGXIANGPINGJIAZHENGSHUYOUYIJISHENGGEWEIJIAJI。

1992NIAN,ZHENGHEJISUFEITINGHAIYANGXUEXI、HUAXUEXI、SHENGWUXIHEFENXICESHIZHONGXINDENGDANWEIDEXIANGGUANYANJIULILIANG,ZAIYUANHUANKESUODEJICHUSHANGCHENGLIHUANJINGKEXUEYANJIUZHONGXIN。KAISHIZHAOSHOUHAIYANGSHENGWUDIQIUHUAXUE、HUANJINGHUAXUEHEHUANJINGDULIXUEDENGFANGXIANGDESHUOSHIHEBOSHIYANJIUSHENG。

1994NIAN,SHELIHUANJINGKEXUESHUOSHIDIAN。1995NIAN,SHELIHUANJINGHAIYANGXUEBOSHIDIAN;1996NIAN,GENGMINGWEIHUANJINGKEXUEBOSHIDIAN。

1995NIAN,CHENGLISHAMENDAXUEHAIYANGSHENGTAIHUANJINGGUOJIAJIAOWEIKAIFANGYANJIUSHIYANSHI;1999NIAN,GENGMINGWEISHAMENDAXUEHAIYANGHUANJINGKEXUEJIAOYUBUZHONGDIANSHIYANSHI。

极速飞艇1996NIAN,YIHUANJINGKEXUEYANJIUZHONGXINHEHAIYANGXUEXIWEIZHICHENGDANWEI,SHAMENDAXUEYUFUJIANSHENGZHENGFUGONGJIANHAIYANGYUHUANJINGXUEYUAN。

1997NIAN,SHAMENHAIANDAIKECHIXUFAZHANPEIXUNZHONGXINCHENGLI。2001NIAN,SHENGGEWEISHAMENHAIANDAIKECHIXUFAZHANGUOJIPEIXUNZHONGXIN。2005NIAN10YUE,SHAMENDAXUEHAIYANGYUHAIANDAIFAZHANYANJIUYUAN(Coastal and Ocean Management (COMI),Xiamen University)CHENGLI。

2000NIAN,CHENGLIHUANJINGKEXUEYUGONGCHENGXI,ZHAOSHOUHUANJINGKEXUEFANGXIANGDEBENKESHENG。

2000NIAN,CHENGLIWOGUODIYIGEYOUGUOJIAHEDIFANGLIANHEGONGJIANDEJIAOYUBU、FUJIANSHENGHAIYANGHUANJINGKEXUELIANHEZHONGDIANSHIYANSHI。2011NIAN11YUE,GENGMINGWEIFUJIANSHENGHAILUJIEMIANSHENGTAIHUANJINGZHONGDIANSHIYANSHI(Fujian Provincial Joint Key Laboratory for Coastal Ecology and Environmental Studies, CEES)。

2003NIAN,HUOPIHUANJINGKEXUEYUGONGCHENGYIJIXUEKEBOSHIDIANHEBOSHIHOULIUDONGZHAN。TONGNIAN,YUMEIGUOJIUJINSHANDAXUEHEZUOSHELIZHONGGUODIYIGEHUANJINGGUANLILEIGUOJILIANHEPEIYANGXIANGMU——ZHONG-MEIHUANJINGGUANLISHUOSHIYANJIUSHENGLIANHEPEIYANGXIANGMU。

2004NIAN,HUANJINGGONGCHENGXUEKEHUOPIFUJIANSHENGZHONGDIANXUEKE。

2005NIAN3YUE,JINHAIHAIYANGHUANJINGKEXUEGUOJIAZHONGDIANSHIYANSHI(SHAMENDAXUE)(State Key Laboratory of Marine Environmental Science (Xiamen University))HUOKEJIBUPIZHUNJIANSHE,ZHEISHIWOGUOHAIYANGHUANJINGYANJIULINGYUDEDIYIGEGUOJIAZHONGDIANSHIYANSHI。2010NIAN4YUE,TONGGUOKEJIBUZUZHIPINGGU。

2007NIAN,HUANJINGKEXUEHUOPIERJIXUEKEGUOJIAZHONGDIANXUEKE。TONGNIAN,HUOPISHELIHAIYANGSHIWUGUOJISHUOSHIZHUANYE,SHIGUONEIDIYIGEHAIYANGSHIWUZHUANYESHUOSHIXIANGMU。

极速飞艇2008NIAN,GENJUJIAOYUBUDIERLUNXUEKEPINGGUJIEGUO,JISUFEITINGHUANJINGKEXUEYUGONGCHENGXUEKEMINGLIEQUANGUODIJIU。

极速飞艇2011NIAN3YUE,HUANJINGYUSHENGTAIXUEYUANCHENGLI。

2012NIAN,HAIYANGSHIWUZHUANYETONGGUOJIAOYUBUXUEKERENZHENG,CHENGWEIYITUOHAIYANGKEXUE、HUANJINGKEXUEYUGONGCHENG、FAXUE、YINGYONGJINGJIXUEHEGONGGONGSHIWUGUANLIWUGEYIJIXUEKEDEZIZHUSHEZHIJIAOCHAERJIXUEKE,TONGSHIJUYOUBOSHIHESHUOSHIYANJIUSHENGZHAOSHENGZIGE。2013NIAN,HAIYANGSHIWUZHUANYEYITUOJISUFEITINGGONGGONGSHIWUGUANLISHUOSHIDIANZHAOSHOUHAIYANGSHIWUFANGXIANGDEZHUANYESHUOSHIXUESHENGJINXINGSHIDIAN。

极速飞艇2012NIAN,GENJU“ Web of Science ”ZUIXINESI(Essential Science Indicator)TONGJI,JISUFEITINGHUANJINGYUSHENGTAIXUEKEJINRUGAIXUEKELINGYUQUANQIUYANJIUJIGOUGUOJISHANGPAIMINGQIAN1%。

极速飞艇2013NIAN,SHAMENDAXUEJIANGHUANJINGYUSHENGTAIXUEKELIERUXUEXIAO“985GONGCHENG”ZHONGDIANXUEKE。

极速飞艇2015NIAN10YUE,SHUIHUANJINGJIANKANGYUANQUANXIETONGZHONGXINHUOPIFUJIANSHENGDIERPI“2011XIETONGCHUANGXINZHONGXIN”。


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